Vanuatu joined the Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme in 2012. Its population was 240,000 in 2010.
In 2006, 15.9 percent of the population lived below the national poverty line. The percentage of the rural population with access to clean water was 87 percent in 2010. The urban population with access to improved sanitation facilities was 64 percent in 2010.
Vanuatu’s unemployment rate was 4.6 percent in 2009; the percentage of student enrollment in primary schools was 117.2 percent in 2006; and the literacy rate of people aged 15 and above was 82 percent in 2009.
In the informal settlements, the main challenges are: lack of basic urban services, poor living conditions i.e. poor housing and unhealthy surroundings, and poor drainage and sanitation. Residents also have difficulties in meeting their basic needs because of insufficient income and unemployment.
Vanuatu’s urban population is likely to continue growing, in spite of policies that encourage a more even distribution of economic development throughout the country. If the present rate of growth continues, the urban population could reach 60,000 by 2008 and 80,000 by 2016. If this urban growth is not planned for and properly accommodated, some communities could become overwhelmed with social, economic and environmental problems.
To be announced soon
Phase 1: Urban profiling – forthcoming
Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – forthcoming
Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming