According to the National Development Plan, though Uganda’s level of urbanization is low (around 13 percent of the total population of approximately 35 million), the annual urbanization rate of 5.2 percent is high. However, there is no corresponding development of basic physical infrastructure, housing, social amenities, management, and skills. This has led to overcrowding, traffic congestion, dilapidated housing, poor sanitation, and the growth of slums and informal settlements.
The media reported in 1999 that over 60 percent of Ugandans live in slums, and the situation has not changed much to date. Recently, the Ugandan government made several attempts to improve living conditions and respond to the increasing demand for proper housing. Nevertheless, compared to rural regions, the urban poor are much more disadvantaged and face environmental challenges. More improvements are necessary to generate adequate livelihoods (Uganda National Urban Profile 2011).
Phase 1: Urban profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – starting
Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming