Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme

A UN-HABITAT programme in cooperation with the European Commission and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Secretariat. Read more

Togo Phase 1

Togo joined the Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme in 2012.


Togo featured negative GDP per capita growth rates during 2006 and 2007. In Togo, slums are entrenched, with as many as 91 percent of Togo’s residents living in extremely deprived settlements. The lack of basic services is attributed largely to inadequate planning and poor governance, leaving cities at risk of becoming more deeply mired in pollution, disease and social ills.


Rapid urban growth without a proportional increase in basic urban infrastructure can only widen the urban divide, as it leads to further slum expansion. The midrange to relatively low concentrations of urban populations in some Western African countries notwithstanding, cities such as Lomé in Togo, are all confronted with ‘over-urbanization’. This means that in this city, the population is growing much faster than local economies, leading to major social and economic challenges like high unemployment rates, slum proliferation, social polarization, and increase in crime. Other commonplace urban challenges in the region include rapid changes in land use and land cover and deteriorating environments, not to mention the effects of climate change.


In Togo, 61.7 percent of the population lived below the national poverty line in 2006. The percentage of the rural population with access to clean water was 40 percent in 2010. The percentage of the urban population with access to improved sanitation facilities was 26 percent in 2010. 


The gross percentage of primary school enrollment was 139.6 percent in 2010; and the percentage literacy rate for people aged 15 and above was 57% in 2006.


Profiled cities

To be announced soon


Current status

Phase 1: Urban profiling – forthcoming

Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – forthcoming

Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming