Saint Vincent and the Grenadines joined the Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme in February 2015. The country holds a population of 106,253 (2001) with a total landmass of 150.3 square miles.
The distribution of the population between mainland St. Vincent and the Grenadines remained virtually unchanged over the last twenty years. Since 1980, the percent of the population resided on the main island St. Vincent remains around 92 percent.
The country does not have major slums but still has challenges in the provision of lack of basic urban services, poor housing and unhealthy surroundings, poor drainage and sanitation. Residents also have difficulties in meeting their basic needs because of insufficient income and unemployment. Belonging to the Small Island Developing States (SIDS) the country is also facing the effects of climate change.