In Solomon Islands, which is located in Oceania, east of Papua New Guinea, urbanization has been a reality only for the last 50 years, but today’s population is growing very fast. According to the 2009 census, almost 20 percent (101,798) of the country’s total population lived in urban and peri-urban areas. However, with an annual urban growth rate of 4.7 percent, it is projected that, by 2020, about 25 percent of the country’s population will be living in urban areas.
Urban growth in Solomon Islands is often not perceived as a potential path to economic growth and prosperity, but as the cause of increased urban poverty, unemployment, crime, environmental degradation, high socio-economic inequality, and growing informal settlements with poor basic services. These unfortunate trends, however, are the result of weak urban planning and management and poor governance.
Phase 1: Urban profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – starting
Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming