The urban population in Mali was estimated at 5.1 million in 2010 (World Bank, 2011). The West African country is facing major challenges, as two-thirds of the country is desert and water-related diseases and child mortality are widespread. Access to basic urban services is also an issue. Though 81 percent of the urban population had access to improved water sources, only 44 percent of the rural population did (World Bank). In 1995, the authorities initiated a process of decentralization in order to make communities participate in management and to involve them in local development. The purpose of the process is to strengthen local democracy, improve the management of local public affairs, and institute a system of administrative management that has positive cultural ownership.
Phase 1: Urban Profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action Planning and Programme Document Formulation – ongoing
Phase 3: Project Implementation – forthcoming