Madagascar is the fourth-largest island in the world and lies 400 kilometres off the south-east coast ofAfrica. Its overall population was reported at 20.7 million in 2010, while the urban population was 6.2 million (World Bank). The annual urban population growth rate in Madagascar was 4 percent in 2010.
The informal sector of the economy has grown as the government has cut public spending. Since the coup d’état in 2009, private investment has remained low and companies in export processing zones have closed. In spite of a historical delay in Madagascar’s urban growth (it is one of the world’s rare rural countries, where more than a third of the population still lived in the countryside in 2007), the urbanization phenomenon is presently underway:
In this context of accelerated urbanization, most cities in Madagascar are unable to meet the resultant challenges. They were not capable of setting up functional urban structures for better management and planning. Their actions are rarely within the framework of a unified system. The cities do not have effective urban governance structures or basic service management, as transport, safety, waste management, and environmental protection services are either ineffective or non-existent. Even Madagascar’s largest cities feel the consequences.
Phase 1: Urban Profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action Planning and Programme Document Formulation – ongoing
Phase 3: Project Implementation – forthcoming