Ghana is one of the most successful countries in sub-Saharan Africa in terms of poverty reduction and development of democracy. The poverty rate fell from 51 percent in 1991/1992 to 28.5 percent in 2005/2006, though an estimated 45 percent of the population still live on less than one US dollar per day. It is estimated that more than 50 percent of Ghana’s population of more than 21 million now live in urban areas. Despite an urban growth rate of 3.4 percent, the country’s urban development policy falls short in terms of implementation. Accra, Ghana’s capital, is today one of the fastest growing metropolises in Africa, with an annual growth rate of 4.3 percent. Almost half of the country’s urban dwellers live in slums (Ghana Urban Profile 2008).
Phase 1: Urban profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – completed
Phase 3: Project implementation – starting