With a population of about 1.7 million in 2007, Gambia is one of the least populated countries in West Africa. Ranked 155 out of 177 countries on the Human Development Index in 2005, it is also one of the least developed countries in the world. A rapid increase in the urban population has been one of Gambia’s major problems. Fifty-six percent of the population lives in urban areas and the urbanization rate over the past decade is estimated at 4.13 percent. In addition to loss of arable land in the Kombos, the rapid increase in urban population has brought with it environmental and socio-economic problems, including deforestation, soil erosion, pollution, waste generation, and stressed health, education, and employment services (Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper, 2007–2011).
Phase 1: Urban profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – starting
Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming