With an estimated population of 839,000 in 2007, Fiji is the second most populated country in the Pacific. Its urban population is estimated to be 435,000, 51 percent of the national population. Urban growth in Fiji has accelerated recently, and booming towns are developing outside the control and authority of the government and planners. For the coming years, more urban growth is expected (up to 490,000 people in 2015). Peri-urban areas are growing fastest, at 3.7 percent per annum, and an estimated 70 percent of Nadi’s residents are located on the margins of the town boundary. A study by the Squatter Resettlement Unit found that Suva’s squatter population increased from 51,925 in 2001 to 82,000 (approximately 15 percent of the national population) in 2004. Compounding the problem, service delivery is inadequate: in 2005, only 43 percent of Fiji’s urban population had adequate access to drinking water, while 87 percent had access to proper sanitation facilities.
Phase 1: Urban profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – starting
Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming