According to the 2010 census (National Statistics Institute, 2010), Praia, the capital of Cape Verde, is home to 131,602 people. This is more than 45 percent of the population of the island of Santiago and around one-quarter of the population of Cape Verde as a whole.
Cape Verde’s developmental challenges, as identified in the five pillars of its second Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy, revolve around promoting effective governance, strengthening human development, and addressing structural and social challenges. The Cape Verde economy is dominated by the service sector, which represents 75 percent of gross domestic product. Tourism services alone contributed 25 percent to the gross domestic product. The Millennium Development Goal target of halving the number of those without access to safe water and basic sanitation by 2015 has been partly met. According to the World Bank, 84 percent of people in Cape Verde had access to improved water sources in 2008. But geographical disparity persists: 98.6 percent have access in towns, while only 76 percent have access in the countryside. Fifty-four percent of the total population have access to sanitation facilities (World Bank). Only 41 percent of households (57 percent urban and 16 percent rural) had access to septic tanks and a sewerage system in 2007.
In Cape Verde, Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme activities aim to provide a lasting reduction of intra-urban inequalities through the implementation of articulate, integrated, and participatory policy measures aimed at constantly improving the living conditions of urban residents.
Phase 1: Urban Profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action Planning and Programme Document Formulation – starting
Phase 3: Project Implementation – forthcoming