The population in Burundi was reported to be 8.11 million in 2009, according to the International Monetary Fund. Burundi's economy is based predominantly on agriculture, which accounted for 45 percent of the gross domestic product in 2009. Although Burundi is potentially self-sufficient in food production, the civil war, overpopulation, and soil erosion have contributed to the contraction of the subsistence economy by 30 percent in recent years. Still, Burundi’s economy grew by 3.9 percent in 2010. In 2011 and 2012, growth is expected to reach 4.5 and 5.2 percent, respectively. This improvement will be conditional on better weather conditions and a more predictable political environment. The annual gross domestic product per capita growth in Burundi is actually 1.4 percent (World Bank).
The Government of Burundi recognizes the need to regulate housing and urbanization. It has the objective of providing the country with a well-balanced and well-structured urban framework and infrastructure, and allowing every citizen to access decent accommodation. Key ministries in urban governance are i) to conceive and execute government policy on the housing environment and town planning and ii) to manage and regularly follow up on the state of development of urban land. Burundi’s main urban regulation is a land code.
Phase 1: Urban Profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action Planning and Programme Document Formulation – ongoing
Phase 3: Project Implementation – forthcoming