Poverty is endemic in Burkina Faso, despite good economic performance and improving social trends. Poverty still affected 44 percent of the overall population in 2009, or 50 percent in the rural areas and 20 percent in the urban areas (Integrated Survey of Household Living Conditions, 2009).
In terms of social indicators, the gross primary school enrolment is fast increasing, from 57 percent in 2005 to 77.6 percent in 2011 (World Bank, 2011). Improved water sources (measured by the percentage of the population with access) in Burkina Faso increased by 0.3 percent between 2009 and 2010 (World Bank). Sanitation facilities improved, with 11 percent of the population able to access them (World Bank). Only 14 percent of the population had access to electricity in 2010, or 2 percent of rural Burkina Faso and 46 percent of urban areas (EICVM survey). Despite the improvements, these results indicate that it will be difficult for the country to fulfill the Millennium Development Goals by 2015.
Burkina Faso, along with other developing countries, exemplifies the phenomenon of irreversible urbanization. Urban growth or urbanization is often synonymous with physical and infrastructural improvements. However, in underdeveloped African countries such as Burkina Faso, urbanization generates enormous difficulties, given the limited available resources for development and the massive social demand. With the view of controlling urban problems through better policies and strategies, Burkina Faso has benefited from the support of UN-Habitat and the African Institute of Management to complete its urban sector profile.
Phase 1: Urban Profiling – completed
Phase 2: Action Planning and Programme Document Formulation – completed
Phase 3: Project Implementation – evaluation