Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme

A UN-HABITAT programme in cooperation with the European Commission and the Africa, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) Secretariat. Read more

Benin Phase 1

Benin joined the Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme in 2012. Its population in 2011 was 9,325,032. The country features high urbanization rates of 40.8 percent.


In Benin, and other countries that rank among the lowest on the Human Development Index compiled by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), slum prevalence is expected to remain high at a rate of 70 percent. Benin managed to reduce urban consumption inequalities in a dynamic economic environment where GDP growth ranged between 4 and 6.5 percent.


Customary traditions in land subdivisions give informal practices a degree of legitimacy and protection against eviction. Customary land subdivisions are usually recognized in Benin, although they are not legal in the strict sense of the term.


Slum dwellers comprise 75 percent of informal sector workers. With its combination of job insecurity, low wages and dangerous work, the informal sector should provide no more than a short-term solution to urban unemployment.


In addition, for slum households that lack access to improved water and sanitation, the prevalence of child malnutrition is often higher than in the rural areas.


In Benin, as in most African cities, households typically have no safe ways to dispose of solid waste. Less than 50 percent of urban households benefit from collection of household wastes by public or private systems.


Profiled cities

To be announced soon


Current status

Phase 1: Urban profiling – forthcoming

Phase 2: Action planning and programme document formulation – forthcoming

Phase 3: Project implementation – forthcoming